McMaster University

Demystifying Medicine
Seminar Series

Epilepsy | Seizures

Epilepsy is a common brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. Approximately one in 100 Canadians have epilepsy. The highest number of new cases are in seniors and young children, but epilepsy can begin at any age. A health care professional may consider epilepsy as a possible diagnosis when a person has had two or more seizures. A medical diagnosis of epilepsy is based on multiple pieces of information: the description of the episodes; the person’s medical and family history; and the results of diagnostic tests. Fortunately, epilepsy is a treatable condition. Many people with epilepsy (two out of three) will achieve good seizure control with medication. When medication is not effective in preventing seizures, there are other treatment options available.

Epilepsy Ontario